Defending or Challenging the Status Quo: Position Effects on Biased Intergroup Perceptions

Emma A. Bäck, Torun Lindholm

Abstract


The default ideological position is status quo maintaining, and challenging the status quo is associated with increased efforts and risks. Nonetheless, some people choose to challenge the status quo. Therefore, to challenge the status quo should imply a strong belief in one’s position as the correct one, and thus efforts may be undertaken to undermine the position of others. Study 1 (N = 311) showed that challengers undermined, by ascribing more externality and less rationality, the position of defenders to a larger extent than defenders did of challengers’ position. Studies 2 (N = 135) and 3 (N = 109) tested if these effects were driven by the implied minority status of the challenging position. Results revealed no effects of experimentally manipulated numerical status, but challengers were again more biased than defenders. Study 3 also revealed that challengers felt more negatively toward their opponents (possibly due to greater social identification with like-minded others), and these negative emotions in turn predicted biased attributions. Results are important as they add to the understanding of how intergroup conflict may arise, providing explanations for why challengers are less tolerant of others’ point of view.


Keywords


intergroup biases; status quo; position effects; numerical status

Full Text: PDF HTML
Downloads: 14950

https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v2i1.158

Array ( [0] => Array ( [FORWARD_LINK] => ) [1] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 00219029 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Applied Social Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => J Appl Soc Psychol [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Position toward the status quo: Explaining differences in intergroup perceptions between left- and right-wing affiliates [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [0] => Emma A. Bäck ) [VOLUME] => 43 [ISSUE] => 10 [FIRST_PAGE] => 2073 [YEAR] => 2013 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/jasp.12160 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [2] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 03784371 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Emergence of the unified right- and left-wing populism—When radical societal changes become more important than ideology [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [1] => Boris Podobnik [2] => Ivona Skreblin Kirbis [3] => Maja Koprcina [4] => H.E. Stanley ) [VOLUME] => 517 [FIRST_PAGE] => 459 [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1016/j.physa.2018.10.054 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [3] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 2195-3325 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Social and Political Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => J. Soc. Polit. Psych. [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Liking low-status? Contextual and individual differences in attributional biases of low-status outgroup members [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [5] => Tomasz Besta [6] => Gülçin Akbas [7] => Emma A. Renström [8] => Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka [9] => Alexandra Vazquez ) [VOLUME] => 7 [ISSUE] => 1 [FIRST_PAGE] => 192 [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.5964/jspp.v7i1.951 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => [QUERY_RESULT] => [CROSSREF_RESULT] => ) )

Citations:

  • Emma A. Bäck (2013)
    Position toward the status quo: Explaining differences in intergroup perceptions between left- and right-wing affiliates
    Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43(10), p. 2073(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12160
  • Boris Podobnik, Ivona Skreblin Kirbis, Maja Koprcina, H.E. Stanley (2019)
    Emergence of the unified right- and left-wing populism—When radical societal changes become more important than ideology
    Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 517, p. 459(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2018.10.054
  • Tomasz Besta, Gülçin Akbas, Emma A. Renström, Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka, Alexandra Vazquez (2019)
    Liking low-status? Contextual and individual differences in attributional biases of low-status outgroup members
    Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 7(1), p. 192(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v7i1.951



Creative Commons License
ISSN: 2195-3325
PsychOpen Logo