Asylum Seekers and Resettled Refugees in Australia: Predicting Social Policy Attitude From Prejudice Versus Emotion

Lisa K. Hartley, Anne Pedersen

Abstract


While most of the world's refugees reside in developing countries, their arrival to western countries is highly politicised, giving rise to questions about the types of entitlements and rights that should, or should not, be granted. In this study, using a mixed-methods community questionnaire (N = 185), we examined attitudes towards social policies aimed at providing assistance to two categories of new arrivals to Australia: resettled refugees (who arrive via its official refugee resettlement program) and asylum seekers (who arrive via boat and then seek refugee status). Social policy attitude was examined as a consequence of feelings of anger, fear, and threat, as well as levels of prejudice. Participants felt significantly higher levels of anger, fear, threat, and prejudice towards asylum seekers compared to resettled refugees. For both resettled refugees and asylum seekers, prejudice was an independent predictor of more restrictive social policy attitudes. For resettled refugees, fear and perceived threat were independent predictors for more restrictive social policy whereas for asylum seekers anger was an independent predictor of restrictive social policy. The qualitative data reinforced the quantitative findings and extended understanding on the appraisals that underpin negative attitudes and emotional responses. Practical implications relating to challenging community attitudes are discussed.

Keywords


social policy attitudes; prejudice; emotions; refugees; asylum seekers

Full Text: PDF HTML
Downloads: 12011

https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v3i1.476

Array ( [0] => Array ( [FORWARD_LINK] => ) [1] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1540-4560 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Social Issues [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Journal of Social Issues [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Immigration and Receiving Communities: The Utility of Threats and Emotions in Predicting Action Tendencies toward Refugees, Asylum‐Seekers and Economic Migrants [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [0] => R.S. Abeywickrama [1] => S.M. Laham [2] => D.L. Crone ) [VOLUME] => 74 [ISSUE] => 4 [FIRST_PAGE] => 756 [YEAR] => 2018 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/josi.12297 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [2] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1360-0508 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Disability & Society [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Disability & Society [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Refugee resettlement and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [3] => Philippa Duell-Piening ) [VOLUME] => 33 [ISSUE] => 5 [FIRST_PAGE] => 661 [YEAR] => 2018 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1080/09687599.2018.1444582 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [3] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 00049530 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Australian Journal of Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Aust J Psychol [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Predicting community attitudes towards asylum seekers: A multi-component model [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [4] => Cameron J. Croucamp [5] => Moira O'Connor [6] => Anne Pedersen [7] => Lauren J. Breen ) [VOLUME] => 69 [ISSUE] => 4 [FIRST_PAGE] => 237 [YEAR] => 2017 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/ajpy.12149 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [4] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 00207594 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => International Journal of Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Int J Psychol [ARTICLE_TITLE] => The moderating role of socially desirable responding in implicit-explicit attitudes toward asylum seekers [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [8] => Joel R. Anderson ) [VOLUME] => 54 [ISSUE] => 1 [FIRST_PAGE] => 1 [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1002/ijop.12439 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [5] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1834-4909 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology [ARTICLE_TITLE] => The role of perceived threat in Australians’ endorsement of asylum-seeker policies [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [9] => Emily Pattison [10] => Graham R. Davidson ) [VOLUME] => 13 [ITEM_NUMBER] => e21 [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1017/prp.2019.13 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [6] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1471-6925 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Refugee Studies [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Journal of Refugee Studies [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Threatened or Threatening? How Ideology Shapes Asylum Seekers’ Immigration Policy Attitudes in Israel and Australia [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [11] => Daphna Canetti [12] => Keren L. G. Snider [13] => Anne Pedersen [14] => Brian J. Hall ) [VOLUME] => 29 [ISSUE] => 4 [FIRST_PAGE] => 583 [YEAR] => 2016 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1093/jrs/few012 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [7] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1471-6925 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Refugee Studies [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Process in the Community, Detain Offshore or ‘Turn Back the Boats’? Predicting Australian Asylum-seeker Policy Support from False Beliefs, Prejudice and Political Ideology [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [15] => Lisa K Hartley [16] => Joel R Anderson [17] => Anne Pedersen ) [YEAR] => 2018 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1093/jrs/fey048 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [8] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 00049530 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Australian Journal of Psychology [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Aust J Psychol [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Demographic and ideological correlates of negative attitudes towards asylum seekers: A meta-analytic review [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [18] => Joel Anderson [19] => Rose Ferguson ) [VOLUME] => 70 [ISSUE] => 1 [FIRST_PAGE] => 18 [YEAR] => 2018 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/ajpy.12162 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [9] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1540-4560 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Social Issues [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Journal of Social Issues [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Identity Inclusiveness and Centrality: Investigating Identity Correlates of Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policies [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [20] => Adriana Espinosa [21] => Rita Guerra [22] => Samineh Sanatkar [23] => Stefania Paolini [24] => Daniela Damigella [25] => Orazio Licciardello [26] => Samuel L. Gaertner ) [VOLUME] => 74 [ISSUE] => 4 [FIRST_PAGE] => 674 [YEAR] => 2018 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/josi.12293 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [10] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1469-9451 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Collective memory and attitudes toward asylum seekers: evidence from Israel [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [27] => Gal Ariely ) [FIRST_PAGE] => 1 [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1572499 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [11] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 1471-6925 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Journal of Refugee Studies [ARTICLE_TITLE] => Prejudice-relevant Correlates of Attitudes towards Refugees: A Meta-analysis [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [28] => Misha Mei Cowling [29] => Joel R Anderson [30] => Rose Ferguson ) [YEAR] => 2019 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1093/jrs/fey062 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => ) [12] => Array ( [JOURNAL_CITE] => [ISSN] => 17512395 [JOURNAL_TITLE] => Social Issues and Policy Review [JOURNAL_ABBREVIATION] => Social Issues and Policy Review [ARTICLE_TITLE] => The Global Refugee Crisis: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for Improving Public Attitudes and Facilitating Refugee Resettlement [CONTRIBUTORS] => [CONTRIBUTOR] => [GIVEN_NAME] => Array ( [31] => Victoria M. Esses [32] => Leah K. Hamilton [33] => Danielle Gaucher ) [VOLUME] => 11 [ISSUE] => 1 [FIRST_PAGE] => 78 [YEAR] => 2017 [PUBLICATION_TYPE] => full_text [DOI] => 10.1111/sipr.12028 [FORWARD_LINK] => [BODY] => [QUERY_RESULT] => [CROSSREF_RESULT] => ) )

Citations:

  • R.S. Abeywickrama, S.M. Laham, D.L. Crone (2018)
    Immigration and Receiving Communities: The Utility of Threats and Emotions in Predicting Action Tendencies toward Refugees, Asylum‐Seekers and Economic Migrants
    Journal of Social Issues, 74(4), p. 756(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12297
  • Philippa Duell-Piening (2018)
    Refugee resettlement and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
    Disability & Society, 33(5), p. 661(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2018.1444582
  • Cameron J. Croucamp, Moira O'Connor, Anne Pedersen, Lauren J. Breen (2017)
    Predicting community attitudes towards asylum seekers: A multi-component model
    Australian Journal of Psychology, 69(4), p. 237(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/ajpy.12149
  • Joel R. Anderson (2019)
    The moderating role of socially desirable responding in implicit-explicit attitudes toward asylum seekers
    International Journal of Psychology, 54(1), p. 1(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12439
  • Emily Pattison, Graham R. Davidson (2019)
    The role of perceived threat in Australians’ endorsement of asylum-seeker policies
    Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 13
    https://doi.org/10.1017/prp.2019.13
  • Daphna Canetti, Keren L. G. Snider, Anne Pedersen, Brian J. Hall (2016)
    Threatened or Threatening? How Ideology Shapes Asylum Seekers’ Immigration Policy Attitudes in Israel and Australia
    Journal of Refugee Studies, 29(4), p. 583(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/few012
  • Lisa K Hartley, Joel R Anderson, Anne Pedersen (2018)
    Process in the Community, Detain Offshore or ‘Turn Back the Boats’? Predicting Australian Asylum-seeker Policy Support from False Beliefs, Prejudice and Political Ideology
    Journal of Refugee Studies
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey048
  • Joel Anderson, Rose Ferguson (2018)
    Demographic and ideological correlates of negative attitudes towards asylum seekers: A meta-analytic review
    Australian Journal of Psychology, 70(1), p. 18(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/ajpy.12162
  • Adriana Espinosa, Rita Guerra, Samineh Sanatkar, Stefania Paolini, Daniela Damigella, Orazio Licciardello, Samuel L. Gaertner (2018)
    Identity Inclusiveness and Centrality: Investigating Identity Correlates of Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policies
    Journal of Social Issues, 74(4), p. 674(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12293
  • Gal Ariely (2019)
    Collective memory and attitudes toward asylum seekers: evidence from Israel
    Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, p. 1(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2019.1572499
  • Misha Mei Cowling, Joel R Anderson, Rose Ferguson (2019)
    Prejudice-relevant Correlates of Attitudes towards Refugees: A Meta-analysis
    Journal of Refugee Studies
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey062
  • Victoria M. Esses, Leah K. Hamilton, Danielle Gaucher (2017)
    The Global Refugee Crisis: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for Improving Public Attitudes and Facilitating Refugee Resettlement
    Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), p. 78(ff.)
    https://doi.org/10.1111/sipr.12028



Creative Commons License
ISSN: 2195-3325
PsychOpen Logo